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act like (inseparable): behave in a way that's like.
zachowywać się jak: "What's wrong with Bob? He's acting
like an idiot."
Note: This phrasal verb is very informal.
"We planned to discuss overtime pay in the meeting. Why
didn't someone bring that topic up?"
bring up (2. separable): raise; rear: wychowywać .
"Lucy's parents died when she was a baby. Her
grandparents brought her up."
add up (no object): logically fit together. mieć sens,pasować
"His theory is hard to believe, but his research adds up."
Note: This phrasal verb is often negative: "His theory
seems, at first, to be plausible, but the facts in his research
don't add up."
brush up on (inseparable): review / study thoroughly for a
short time: odświeżać, odkurzać .
"If you're going to travel to Peru, you'd better brush up on
your Spanish."
add up to (inseparable): to total: osiągać w sumie, łącznie .
"The bills add up to £734.96. That's more than I expected!"
burn down (no object): become destroyed / consumed by
fire: spalić.
"Lightning struck Mr. Kennedy's barn last night. It burned
down before the fire fighters arrived."
back off (no object): not follow a threat: wycofać się .
"Tom was ready to call the police when I told him I'd
wrecked his car, but he backed off when I said I'd pay for the
butt in (no object): impolitely interrupt (a conversation, an
action): wcinać się, wtrącać .
"Hey, you! Don't butt in! Wait for your turn!"
back up (separable): confirm a story, facts, or information:
potwierdzić, poprzeć.
"If you don't believe me, talk to Dave. He'll back me up."
call off (separable): cancel something that has been
scheduled: odwoływać .
"We don't have school today. The mayor called classes off
because of the snow."
blow up (1. separable): inflate: nadmuchiwać . "We needs
lots of balloons for the party. Will you blow them up?"
blow up (2. separable): explode; destroy by exploding:
wybuchać, detonować .
A: "That old building really came down quickly!"
B: "That's because the construction company used dynamite
to blow it up."
call on (inseparable): ask someone for an answer in class:
wezwać do odpowiedzi .
"I don't know why the teacher never calls on you. You
always know the answer."
calm down (with or without an object; with an object,
separable): become calm / less agitated or upset; help
someone become calm / less agitated or upset: wyciszyć się,
uspokoić .
"Why are you so upset? Suzie didn't intend to spill orange
juice on you. Calm down!"
break down (1. separable): separate something into
component parts: rozbić, rozdzielić . "We spent a lot of
money at the supermarket. When we broke the total cost
down, we spent more on cleaning supplies than food."
break down (2. no object): stop working / functioning:
zepsuć się . "Sharon will be late for work today. Her car broke
down on the freeway."
(not) care for (1. inseparable): like; want: lubić, chcieć .
Note: This phrasal verb is usually negative, though it may
be used affirmatively in
A: "Would you care for something to drink? We have coffee,
tea, or orange juice."
B: "Could I have water, please? I don't care for coffee, tea,
or juice."
break in (often no object; with an object, break into--
inseparable): enter by using force (and breaking a lock,
window, etc.): włamać się
"Jane's apartment was burgled last night. Someone broke in
while Jane was at the movies."
"Somebody broke into Jane's apartment while she was at the
care for (2. inseparable): take care of; supply care to; attend /
watch: troszczyć się, opiekować .
"Amy's father got out of the hospital last week. The family is
caring for him at home."
break up (usually no object; with an object, break up with
[inseparable)]): end a personal relationship: zerwać ze sobą,
rozejść się .
"Tim and Julie aren't going steady any more. They got
really angry with each other and broke up."
catch up (with) (often without an object; with an object,
inseparable): stop being behind: wyrównywać, doganiać
innych .
"Terry stopped to rest for a few minutes. He'll catch up /
catch up with us later."
bring / take back (separable): return something: odnieść coś .
"This book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to
the library."
check in (to) (inseparable): register for / at a hotel,
conference, etc.; let someone know officially that you have
arrived: zarejestrować się .
bring up (1. separable): mention (as a topic of discussion):
wspominać .
Polish translations by AZ -
"My plane will arrive around 5:00 PM. I should be able to
check into the hotel by 6:00 or 6:30."
czymś .
"You drink too much coffee. You should cut back."
check off (separable): make a mark to indicate that
something on a list has been completed: odhaczyć .
"Here are the things you need to do. Please check each one
off when you've finished it."
drag on (no object): last much longer than expected or is
necessary: ciągnąć się .
"I thought the meeting would be a short one, but it dragged
on for more than three hours."
check out (of) (inseparable): follow procedures for leaving
(a hotel, etc.): wyrejestrować się (np. z hotelu)
"Don't forget to take your room key to the front desk when
you check out (when you check out of the hotel)."
draw up (separable): create a formal document: sporządzić .
"The Ajax and Tip-Top Banks have decided to merge. Their
lawyers will draw all the official documents up sometime this
cheer up (separable): help someone feel less worried /
depressed / sad: pocieszać, rozweselać .
"Suzie's brother was depressed about not getting a
promotion, so she sent him a funny card to cheer him up."
drop off (separable): deliver something; deliver someone (by
giving him/her a ride): podrzucić (coś lub kogoś) .
"Yes, I can take those letters to the post office. I'll drop them
off as I go home from work."
chicken out (no object): lose the courage or confidence to do
something--often at the last minute: stchórzyć, wycofać się .
"Sam said he was going to ask Lulu for a date, but he
chickened out."
drop in (on) (inseparable): visit informally (and usually
without scheduling a specific time): wpaść .
"If you're in town next month, we'd love to see you. Please
try to drop in. (Please try to drop in on us."
clam up (inseparable): suddenly become quiet / refuse to talk
about something: zamknąć się .
"Lila wouldn't talk about the accident. When I asked her
what happened, she clammed up."
drop by (inseparable): visit informally (and usually without
scheduling a specific time): wpaść .
"If you're in town next month, we'd love to see you. Please
try to drop by the house."
come across (inseparable): find (unexpectedly): natknąć się.
"I've lost my extra car keys. If you come across them while
your're cleaning the room, please put them in a safe place."
drop out (of) (inseparable): stop attending / leave school or
an organization: rzucić (np. szkołę) .
"No, Paul isn't at the university. He dropped out. / He
dropped out of school."
come down with _____ (inseparable): become ill with
_____: zachorować na ________ .
"George won't be at the office today. He came down with the
flu over the weekend."
eat out (no object): have a meal in a restaurant: jeść w
restauracji .
"I'm too tired to cook tonight. Why don't we eat out?"
come to (1. inseparable): total: być w sumie .
"Your charges come to £124.38. Will you pay by check, in
cash, or with a credit card?"
egg on (separable): urge / encourage greatly toward doing
something (usually something negative): podpuszczać,
podjudzać .
"At first Bob and Chuck were just having a mild argument,
but Bob's friends egged them on until they started fighting."
come to (2. no object): regain consciousness: wrócić do
przytomności .
"When I told Gina that she'd won a million dollars, she
fainted. When she came to, I told her it was a joke and she
almost hit me!"
end up (1. no object): finally arrive at; arrive at an
unexpected place: wylądować (gdzieś), dotrzeć do .
"We got lost last night and ended up in the next town."
count on (inseparable): depend on; trust that something will
happen or that someone will do as expected: liczyć na,
polegać .
"I'm counting on you to wake me up tomorrow. I know I
won't hear the alarm."
end up (2. no object): arrive somewhere as a result or
consequence: skończyć (gdzieś), trafić do .
"You're working too hard. If you don't take it easy, you'll
end up in the hospital!"
face up to (inseparable): admit to; take responsibility for:
przyznać, wziąć odpowiedzialność .
"You can't pretend that you're doing OK in this course, Joe.
Sooner or later, you'll have to face up to the fact that you're
failing it."
cross out (separable): show that something written is wrong
or unnecessary by making an X across it: przekreślać,
wykreślać .
"We can't afford to buy everything on your shopping list, so
I've crossed all the unnecessary things out."
fall through (no object): not happen. (Note: describes
something that was planned but didn't happen.): nie powieść
cut back (on) (often without an object; with an object, cut
back on [inseparable]): use less of something: oszczędzać na
Polish translations by AZ -
"We had originally intended to go to Mexico for our
vacation, but our trip fell through when I got sick."
get by (no object): survive, financially, in a difficult
situation: przeżyć, przetrwać .
"It's going to be hard to pay the rent now that you've lost
your job, but somehow we'll get by."
feel up to (inseparable): feel strong enough or comfortable
enough to do something: czuć się na siłach .
"I know the accident was a terrible shock. Do you feel up to
talking about it?"
get in (1. inseparable): enter a small, closed vehicle: wsiąść .
"I don't know where Carole was going. She just got in her
car and drove away."
figure out (1. separable): logically find the answer to a
problem; solve a problem by thinking about it carefully:
rozwiązać .
"For a long time I couldn't understand the last problem, but
I finally figured it out."
get in (2. no object): arrive: przybywać .
"Do you know what time Fred's plane gets in?"
get on (inseparable): enter a large, closed vehicle: wsiąść .
"I'm sorry, but you're too late to say goodbye to Angela. She
got on the plane about 20 minutes ago."
figure out (2. separable): understand why someone behaves
the way she/he does: rogryźć (czyjeś zachowanie) .
"I can't figure Margie out. Sometimes she's very warm and
friendly and sometimes she acts as if she doesn't know me."
get off (inseparable): leave a large, closed vehicle: wysiąść .
"When you get off the bus, cross the street, turn right on Oak
Street, and keep going until you're at the corner of Oak and
Lincoln Street."
fill in (separable): add information to a form: wypełnić,
uzupełnić (np. formularz) .
"The office needs to know your home address and phone
number. Could you fill them in on this form?"
get out of (1. inseparable): leave a small, closed vehicle:
wysiąść .
"There's something wrong with the garage door opener.
You'll have to get out of the car and open it by hand."
fill in for (inseparable): temporarily do someone else's work;
temporarily substitute for another person: zastąpić .
"Professor Newton is in the hospital and won't be able to
teach for the rest of the term. Do you know who's going to fill
in for her?"
get out of (2. inseparable): escape having to do something:
wykpić się .
"Lisa said she had a terrible headache and got out of giving
her speech today."
fill out (1. separable): complete a form by adding required
information: uzupełnić:
"Of course I completed my application! I filled it out and
mailed it over three weeks ago!"
get over (inseparable): recover from an illness or painful
experience: pozbierać się, dojść do siebie .
"Katy was really upset when she failed the test. She thought
she would never get over feeling so stupid."
fill out (2. no object): become less thin; gain weight:
zaokrąglać się, wypełniać. .
"Jerry used to be really skinny, but in the last year he's
begun to fill out."
get rid of (inseparable): dispose of; give away or throw
away: pozbyć się .
"That shirt is really ugly. Why don't you get rid of it?"
find out (about) (inseparable): learn / get information
(about): dowiedzieć się .
"I'm sorry that you didn't know the meeting had been
cancelled. I didn't find out (find out about it) myself until just
a few minutes ago."
get up (usually no object; with an object, separable): leave
bed after sleeping and begin your daily activities: wstawać .
"I know I won't hear the alarm tomorrow morning. Can you
get me up at 6:00 AM?"
get across (separable): make something understood;
communicate something understandably: przekazywać
(zrozumiale) .
"Alan is really intelligent but sometimes he has problems
getting his ideas across."
give up (1. separable): stop doing something (usually a
habit): rzucić .
"He knows smoking isn't good for his health, but he can't
give it up."
give up (2. no object): decide not to try (unsuccessfully) to
solve a problem: zrezygnować .
A: "What's black and white and red all over?"
B: "I give up. What?"
A: "An embarrassed zebra!"
get along (with) (inseparable): have a friendly relationship
(with); be friendly (toward): być w przyjaznych stosunkach .
"Why can't you and your sister get along? Everyone else
gets along with her just fine!"
get around (inseparable): avoid having to do something:
wykręcić się .
"Teresa got around the required math classes by doing well
on a math proficiency test."
go out with (inseparable): have a date with: chodzić z kimś .
"You went out with Sharon last night, didn't you?"
go with (1. no object): look pleasing together. (Note: for
Polish translations by AZ -
clothes, furniture, etc.): pasować do siebie.
"You should buy that shirt. It will go well with your dark
brown suit."
"I feel really sorry Sally's family. Her father was laid off
leave out (separable): forget; omit: przeoczyć, pominąć .
"Oh, no! When I made the list of those who attended the
meeting, I left your name out!"
go with (2. no object): date regularly and steadily: chodzić z
kimś regularnie .
"Is Gina going with Jim? I see them together all the time."
let down (separable): disappoint: rozczarować .
"I know I let you down when I didn't do what I promised. I'm
really sorry."
grow up (1. no object): spend the years between being a
child and being an adult: dorastać .
"Did you know that Frank grew up in Malaysia?"
look down on (inseparable): hold in contempt; regard as
inferior: gardzić .
"It's not surprising that Fred has few friends. He seems to
look down on anyone who doesn't like the same things that
he does."
grow up (2. no object): behave responsibly; behave as an
adult, not a child: wyrastać .
A: "Lee really irritates me sometimes. He's really silly and
B: "I agree. I wish he would grow up."
look forward to (inseparable): anticipate pleasantly; think
about a pleasant thing before it happens: spodziewać się,
oczekiwać .
"I'm really looking forward to vacation. I can't wait for it to
hand in (separable): submit homework, an assignment, etc:
oddać np. zadanie domowe .
"You'd better get started on your report. You know that you
have to hand it in at 8:30 tomorrow morning!"
hand out (separable): distribute: rozdać .
"Why don't you have a course description and list of
assignments? The teacher handed them out on the first day of
look into (inseparable): investigate / get more details about
something: sprawdzić, zbadać .
"Someone said there was a meeting at 9:30 but I haven't
heard anything about it. Shall I look into it?"
hang up (no object): end a phone conversation by replacing
the receiver: odwiesić słuchawkę .
"I'd like to talk longer, but I'd better hang up. My sister
needs to make a call."
look like (inseparable): resemble (in appearance): wyglądać
podobnie .
"Does he look like his father or his mother?"
look over (separable): check; review: przejrzeć .
"I think I may have some typos in this report. Could you
look it over?"
hold up (separable): delay: opóźnić .
"I'm sorry I'm late. There was an accident on the freeway
and traffic held me up."
look up (separable): find something in a reference work:
sprawdzić .
"I'm sorry, but I don't know what that word means. I'll have
to look it up."
hold up (separable): rob; threaten someone with harm unless
he/she gives her/his money or other valuable things:
przetrzymać, terroryzować .
"Sarah is very upset. When she was walking home last night,
two men held her up and took her purse and jewellery."
look up to (inseparable): respect: szanować .
"Everyone looks up to Joyce because she always makes time
to help others."
keep on (inseparable--followed by an -ing verb): continue:
"I'm not ready to stop yet. I think I'll keep on working for a
make fun of (inseparable): make jokes about (usually
unkindly): robić sobie żarty .
"I agree that Bob looks ridiculous since he shaved his head,
but don't make fun of him. You'll hurt his feelings."
kick out (separable): expel; force someone to leave because
of his/her poor performance or unacceptable behaviour:
wyrzucić kogoś, wykopać .
"Jim's club kicked him out because he didn't pay his dues or
come to meetings."
make up (separable): invent / create (imaginary)
information: wymyślić, spreparować .
"Judy's story is hard to believe. I'm sure she made it up."
knock out (separable): make unconscious: znokautować .
"The boxing match ended when one boxer knocked the other
one out."
make out (separable): see / hear something well enough to
understand what it means. (Note: often negative.): rozeznać,
"Ruth's writing is very small. I almost need a magnify glass
to make it out."
lay off (separable): dismiss someone from a job because of
lack of work or money (not because of poor performance):
make for (inseparable): go to or toward: iść w kierunku .
Polish translations by AZ -
"Her teen-aged children are always hungry. As soon as they
arrive home from school, they make for the refrigerator."
put on (separable): begin to wear; don: założyć .
"It's a little bit chilly outside. You'd better put a sweater on."
mark down (separable): reduce the price (as an incentive to
buy): obniżyć cenę .
"These shoes were really a bargain! The store marked them
down by 40%!"
put up (separable): provide someone with a place to sleep:
przenocować kogoś .
"There's no need for you to check into a hotel. I'll be happy
to put you up."
mix up (separable): cause to become confused: zakręcić się .
"I didn't complete the assignment because I didn't know
how. The directions mixed me up."
put up with (inseparable): tolerate: znosić, tolerować .
"It's really important to come to work on time. The boss
won't put up with lateness."
nod off (no object): fall sleep (usually unintentionally):
zdrzemnąć się, przysnąć .
"The speech was so boring that several people in the
audience nodded off before it was finished."
put back (separable): return something to the proper place:
odłożyć .
"I've finished with these books. Do you want me to put them
back on the shelves?"
pass away (no object): die: umrzeć .
"I was very sorry to hear that your grandfather passed
rip off (separable): cheat; take advantage of; charge too
much: ocyganić, oszukać .
"Don't even think about buying a car there. They'll rip you
pass out (1. no object): faint; lose consciousness: zemdleć .
"When Ella heard that she'd won a million dollars, she was
so shocked that she passed out."
round off (separable): change from a fraction to the nearest
whole number: zaokrąglić .
"Round all prices off to the closest whole-dollar amounts.
For example, round £33.73 off to £34.00."
pass out (2. separable): distribute: rozdawać .
"Everyone in the room needs one of these information
sheets. Who will help me pass them out?"
run into (inseparable): meet by chance: wpaść na .
"Yesterday at the supermarket, Jan ran into her former
roommate. Before yesterday, they hadn't seen each other for
nearly five years."
pick out (separable): choose; select: wybrać .
"Billy's grandmother especially liked her birthday card
because Billy had picked it out himself."
run out of (inseparable): use the last of: wyczerpać się .
"On the way home from work, Arthur ran out of gas."
pick up (1. separable): lift; take up: podwieźć .
"Those books don't belong on the floor. Will you help me
pick them up?"
set up (separable): make arrangements for something:
ustalać .
"You'll see Mr. Thomas tomorrow. I've set a meeting up for
9:30 AM."
pick up (2. separable): get; buy: wybrać, dostać .
"The children just drank the last of the milk. Could you pick
some more up on your way home this evening?"
slip up (no object): make a mistake: pomylić się .
"You slipped up here. The amount should be £135.28, not
pick on (inseparable): bully; intentionally try to make
someone upset: dręczyć, znęcać się .
"You should be ashamed of teasing your little brother, Bob!
Pick on someone your own size!"
stand out (no object): be noticeably better than other similar
people or things: wyróżniać się .
"Good job, Ann! Your work really stands out!"
pull over (no object): drive a vehicle to the side of the rode:
zjechać .
"When the policeman indicated that I should pull over, I
knew he was going to give me a ticket."
stand up (1. no object): rise to a standing position: powstać .
"When the Chairperson entered the room, everyone stood
put away (separable): return something to the proper place:
odłożyć .
"I just took these clothes out of the dryer. Will you help me
put them away?"
stand up (2. separable): make a date but not keep it:
wykiwać .
"Angela was supposed to go to the dance with Fred, but she
stood him up and went with Charles instead."
put off (1. separable): postpone; delay; avoid: przesunąć,
"I can't put this work off any longer. If I don't do it soon, it'll
be impossible to finish it in time."
show up (no object): arrive; appear: pojawiać się .
"The boss was very upset when you didn't show up for the
meeting. What happened?"
Polish translations by AZ -
Zgłoś jeśli naruszono regulamin