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CESO
Department of the Army
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Washington, DC 20314-1000
EM 385-1-80
Engineer
Manual
385-1-80
30 May 1997
Safety
RADIATION PROTECTION MANUAL
Distribution Restriction Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is
unlimited.
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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY EM 385-1-80
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CESO Washington, D.C. 20314-1000
Manual 30 May 1997
No. 385-1-80
Safety
RADIATION PROTECTION MANUAL
Table of Contents
Subject
Para. Page Subject
Para. Page
Chapter 1. Organization of USACE
Radiation Protection Program.
Authorized Users’
Assistants
2-8 2-7
Purpose
1-1 1-1
Site Supervisors
2-9 2-7
Applicability
1-2 1-1
Project/Plan/Procedure
Originators and
Reviewers
Policy
1-3 1-1
2-10 2-8
Management Commitment,
Involvement, and
Leadership
Radiation Protection
Committee
2-11 2-9
1-4 1-2
Hazardous, Toxic and
Radioactive Waste
(HTRW), Center of
Expertise
Scope
1-5 1-2
Overview of this
Manual
2-12 2-9
1-6 1-3
Refresher Training
2-13 2-10
Chapter 2. USACE Personnel
Responsibilities and Qualifications.
Additional Training/
Special Applications 2-14 2-10
The Chief, Safety and
Occupational Health
Office, HQUSACE
2-1 2-1
All Personnel including
Visitors at a Radiation
Site
2-15 2-10
Radiation Protection
Staff Officer
2-2 2-1
Chapter 3. Introduction to
Radiation.
USACE Commanders
2-3 2-2
Atomic Structure
3-1 3-1
Radiation Protection
Officer
2-4 2-3
Radioactive Decay
3-2 3-1
Laser Safety Officer 2-5 2-4
Activity
3-3 3-2
Qualified Health
Physics Personnel
Decay Law
3-4 3-3
2-6 2-5
Types of Ionizing
Radiation
Authorized Users
2-7 2-5
3-5 3-4
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EM 385-1-80
30 May 97
Interaction of
Radiation With Matter 3-6 3-6
Renewing Licenses or
ARAs
4-11 4-10
Human Health Effects 3-7 3-8
Transfer of Radioactive
Materials
4-12 4-10
Determinants of Dose 3-8 3-9
Terminating a
Radioactive Material
License or ARAs
Background Radiation 3-9 3-11
Radiation Quantities 3-10 3-12
4-13 4-11
Information Flow
through Applicable
USACE Channels
Biological Effects
of Ionizing Radiation 3-11 3-16
4-14 4-11
Ways to Minimize
Exposure
3-12 3-18
Chapter 5. Dose Limits and ALARA.
Occupational Dose
Limit Structure
Standing Operating
Procedures
3-13 3-21
5-1 5-1
USACE Dose Limits
5-2 5-1
Monitoring and
Surveying Equipment 3-14 3-21
NRC and Agreement State
Dose Limits
5-3 5-3
Chapter 4. Licensing.
OSHA Dose Limits
5-4 5-4
Overview of
Regulatory Agencies 4-1 4-1
Monitoring requirements 5-5 5-4
Types of NRC
Radioactive Material
Licenses
Doses to the Public 5-6 5-4
4-2 4-1
Chapter 6. Working with Radiation.
'Storage Only'
Licensing
4-3 4-4
Caution Signs and
Labels
6-1 6-1
Radiation Generating
Devices
4-4 4-4
Airborne Radioactivity 6-2 6-3
Rooms/Areas in Which
Radioactive Material is
No Longer Used
or Stored
Reciprocity
Requirements
4-5 4-4
6-3 6-3
Army Radiation
Authorization
4-6 4-5
Receiving Radioactive
Material
6-4 6-3
Army Radiation Permits
and Other Service
Installation Permits 4-7 4-5
Radioactive Material
and Radiation
Generating Device
Inventory
Applying for an NRC
License
4-8 4-7
6-5 6-6
Applying for an ARA 4-9 4-9
Storing Radioactive
Material
6-6 6-6
Amendment Requests
4-10 4-9
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EM 385-1-80
30 May 97
Contamination Control 6-7 6-7
Hazmat Employee
Training
Wipe Tests
6-8 6-8
8-12 8-7
Exceptions
8-13 8-8
Leak Testing
6-9 6-9
Exposure Rate Surveys 6-10 6-10
Chapter 9. Waste Management.
Accident/Incident
Response
6-11 6-11
Regulation of
Radioactive Wastes
9-1 9-1
Accident/Incident
Reporting
6-12 6-11
Low Level Radioactive
Waste (LLRW)
9-2 9-2
Audits and Reviews
6-13 6-13
Elements of a Waste
Management Program
9-3 9-4
Chapter 7. Personnel Monitoring.
Material Tracking
9-4 9-4
External Monitoring 7-1 7-1
Waste Minimization
9-5 9-4
Internal Monitoring 7-2 7-2
Waste Recycling
9-6 9-4
Advanced Monitoring 7-3 7-4
Waste Storage
9-7 9-5
Exposure Reporting
7-4 7-5
Waste Disposal
9-8 9-5
Chapter 8. Transportation of
Radioactive Material.
Radionuclide
Concentrations
9-9 9-7
Purpose
8-1 8-1
Chapter 10. Laser Safety.
Applicability
8-2 8-1
Classifications of
Lasers
10-1 10-1
Regulations
8-3 8-1
Safety features and
Labeling Requirements 10-2 10-1
Procedures
8-4 8-2
Packaging
8-5 8-2
Laser Protection
Program
10-3 10-2
Marking
8-6 8-3
OSHA Standards
10-4 10-3
Labeling
8-7 8-4
USACE Standards
10-5 10-3
Placarding
8-8 8-5
Protective Eyewear
10-6 10-3
Manifesting
8-9 8-5
Chapter 11. Radio Frequency (RF) and
Microwave Safety.
Hazardous Waste
Manifesting
8-10 8-6
DA Limits
11-1 11-1
Emergency Response
Information
8-11 8-7
USACE Limits
11-2 11-1
OSHA Regulations
11-3 11-1
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