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Minimally Invasive
Spine Surgery
Minimally Invasive Procedures
in Orthopedic Surgery
Series Editors
Alexander R. Vaccaro
Thomas Jefferson University and the Rothman Institute,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Christopher M. Bono
Department of Orthopedic Surgery,
Harvard Medical School, Brigham and
Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
1. Minimally Invasive Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, edited by
William N. Levine, Theodore A. Blaine, and Christopher S. Ahmad
2. Minimally Invasive Musculoskeletal Pain Medicine, edited by
Mitchell K. Freedman, William B. Morrison, and Marc I. Harwood
3. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, edited by
Alexander R. Vaccaro and Christopher M. Bono
Minimally Invasive
Edited by
Alexander R. Vaccaro
Thomas Jefferson University and the Rothman Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Christopher M. Bono
Harvard Medical School
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Spine Surgery
Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
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© 2007 by Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
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Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper
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International Standard Book Number-10: 0-8493-4029-2 (Hardcover)
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-8493-4029-1 (Hardcover)
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have been made to publish reliable data and information, but the author and the publisher cannot assume
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Minimally invasive spine surgery/edited by Alexander R. Vaccaro, Christopher M. Bono.
p. ; cm. -- (Minimally invasive procedures in orthopedic surgery; 3)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN-13: 978-0-8493-4029-1 (hardcover : alk. paper)
ISBN-10: 0-8493-4029-2 (hardcover : alk. paper)
1. Spine--Surgery. 2. Spine--Endoscopic surgery. 3. Microsurgery.
I. Vaccaro, Alexander R. II. Bono, Christopher M. III. Series.
[DNLM: 1. Spine--surgery. 2. Surgical Procedures, Minimally
Invasive--methods. WE 725 M6648 2007]
RD768.M55 2007
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